**SPEED, VELOCITY, ACCELERATION, RETARDATION**

**What is Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, and Retardation in Engineering Mechanics?**

**Speed :- **It is the rate of change of displacement with respect to its surrounding. Since the speed of a body is irrespective of its direction, therefore it is a scalar quantity.

**Velocity :- **It is also the rate of change of displacement with respect to its surrounding, in a particular direction. Since the velocity is always expressed in a particular direction, therefore it is a vector quantity.

**Acceleration :- **It is the rate of change of velocity of a body. It is said to be positive; when the velocity of a body increases with time and it is negative when the velocity decreases with time.

The negative acceleration is also called **Retardation.**